Author Archives: François

Poverty and the present bias

It is well documented that people living in material scarcity conditions make different choices from other people. One example of such differences is the behavior in situations of intertemporal choices. A key concept is that of present bias. When subjects … Continue reading

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Psychological frictions and non take-up

Many poor people do not benefit from the transfers and services they are eligible for. Researchers consider this problem, often referred to as the non take-up problem, as a major source of poverty persistence in rich societies. Yet, the reasons … Continue reading

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Angus Deaton’s great escape

Angus Deaton, from Princeton University, was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize of economics “for his analysis of consumption, poverty and welfare.” It was good news for all economists, and researchers from other disciplines as well, devoting their research efforts to … Continue reading

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The indirect effect of the EITC program on infant health

Health is undoubtedly an important dimension of well-being. As soon as child well-being is concerned, health is even more important because early life health is a key determinant of future health as well as future economic outcomes. The direct impact … Continue reading

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Homeless women: what do we know?

Homelessness is an extreme form of poverty and social exclusion. Studying homelessness scientifically is clearly a delicate undertaking due to the difficulty of identifying, approaching and communicating with homeless people. A large fraction of the scientific work on homelessness comes … Continue reading

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The neurobiological consequences of poverty

One major challenge of the scientific research on poverty is to explain its persistence. Why is it the case that so many people still live in non-decent living conditions, in spite of the efforts and budgets spent on poverty alleviation … Continue reading

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In-kind benefits, incentives, and labor supply

Policies dedicated to directly increasing the material well-being of poor people can broadly be ranked in three categories. The first category is the direct money transfers to poor people. The second category is the subsidy to prices of goods that … Continue reading

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